Dental Anesthesia Evolution
The first anesthetic agents – nitrous oxide and ether – weren't introduced in dentistry until the 1840's. Until the 1880's Anesthetics were used only during extractions. Cocaine was the first local anesthetic used, and although effective for achieving profound anesthesia, was highly addictive.
At the turn of the 20th century cocaine was synthesized and produced procaine. Procaine was found to be highly effective, non-addictive and safe as a local anesthetic agent. In the 1950's procaine was replaced by lidocaine, which is the gold standard in local anesthetics today.
Dental Fitness & Spa
When a client has periodontal disease that has resulted in 5mm or greater in periodontal pocket depths, a scale and root planing are needed. This procedure is best completed with local anesthetic. Most people call this a 'deep cleaning.' A scale and root planing does not 'cure' gum disease. This procedure removes the necrotic (dead) tissue, cleans out the hard tarter and smooth the root surface of the teeth. With an exceptional homecare routine and a three to four month gum disease maintenance cleaning the disease should cease to continue to destroy bone. This is not a guarantee, but with out the scale and root planing, a client can be sure that the disease will continue to destroy bone, tissue and possibly cause other health issue.
Just like the maintenance on your automobile. Keep up with the professional dental cleanings so you can maintain the best possible dental health. Call Dental Fitness & Spa today to schedule your next dental cleaning, oral exam, oral cancer screening and periodontal exam.